These capacitors age at a temperature-dependent rate, as their water based electrolytes slowly evaporate. Retrieved from ” https: DVI Support DVI Digital Visual Interface is a video interface standard designed for carrying uncompressed digital video data and to maximize the visual quality of digital display devices, such as LCD monitors, digital projectors, and so on. A motherboard provides the electrical connections by which the other components of the system communicate. Leaking Capacitors Muck up Motherboards”.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. CPU sockets on the motherboard can most often be found in most desktop and server computers laptops typically use surface mount CPUsparticularly those based on the Intel x86 architecture. Air pollution corrodes the circuitry, according to Intel researchers.

Some small form factor computers and home theater PCs designed for quiet and energy-efficient operation boast fan-less designs. Motherboards are generally air cooled with heat sinks often mounted on larger chips, such as the Northbridgein modern motherboards.

The ubiquitous S bus of the s is an example of this type of backplane system. However, the motherboards used in IBM-compatible systems are designed to fit various case sizes. Similarly, the term mainboard is applied to devices with a single board and no additional expansions or capability, such as controlling boards in laser printers, televisions, washing machines and other embedded systems with limited expansion abilities.

When power is first supplied to the motherboard, the BIOS firmware tests and configures memory, circuitry, and peripherals. It can sometimes also have a PCI-E 4x slot will vary between brands and models.

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Business PCs, workstations, and servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more robust functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components. The Central Processing Gigabute CPUmemory, and peripherals were housed on individual printed circuit boards, which were plugged into the backplane.


From high current capable digital power delivery, performance-enhancing caching technologies, exclusive high-end audio features, advanced networking and device charging, gold plated hardware connectors and of course, killer good looks, GIGABYTE 8 series motherboards are in a class of their own.

Each LAN and USB port is paired with a dedicated protection filter that can withstand high electrostatic discharges, protecting your system from common electrical surges and even direct lighting strikes.

A typical motherboard will have a different number of connections depending on its standard and form factor. If none was available, then the computer would perform tasks from other memory stores or display an error message, depending on the model and design of the computer and the Gigabhte version. With the steadily declining costs and size of integrated circuitsit is now possible to include support for many peripherals on the motherboard.

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Other components such as anakxrt storagecontrollers for video display and soundand peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern gitabyte it is increasingly common to integrate some anakary these peripherals into the motherboard itself. At power-up, the central processor would load its program counter with the address of the boot ROM and start executing instructions from the ROM.

Motherboard specifically refers to a PCB with expansion capability and as the name suggests, this board is often referred to as the “mother” of all components attached gigzbyte it, which often include peripheralsinterface cards, and daughtercards: Non-operating system boot programs are still supported on modern IBM PC-descended machines, but nowadays it is assumed that the boot program will be a complex operating system such as Microsoft Windows or Linux.

Most motherboards have connectors for additional case fans and integrated temperature sensors to detect motherboard and CPU temperatures and controllable fan connectors which the BIOS or operating system can use to regulate fan speed.


Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems.

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The most popular computers of the s such as the Apple II and IBM PC had published schematic diagrams and other documentation which permitted rapid reverse-engineering and third-party replacement motherboards.

For other uses, see Motherboard disambiguation. Additional peripherals such as disk controllers and serial ports were provided as expansion cards.

Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shapes called computer gigabute factorsome of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers. Retrieved 21 June Wikimedia Commons has media related to Computer motherboards.

This is one of the reasons that laptop computers are difficult to upgrade and expensive to repair. High rates of motherboard failures in China and India appear to be due to ” sulfurous air pollution produced by coal ” burned to generate electricity. Inadequate case cooling and elevated temperatures around the CPU socket exacerbate this problem.

In very old designs, copper wires were the discrete connections between card connector pins, but printed circuit boards soon became the standard practice. DVI Support DVI Digital Visual Interface is a video interface standard designed for carrying uncompressed digital video data and to maximize the visual quality of digital display devices, such as LCD monitors, digital projectors, and so on.

Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices. Usually intended for building new computers compatible with the exemplars, many motherboards offered additional performance or other features and were used to upgrade the manufacturer’s original equipment.